Is associative recognition more impaired than item recognition memory in Schizophrenia? A meta-analysis.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Brain Cogn, Volume 53, Issue 2, p.121-4 (2003)


Association, Humans, Memory Disorders, Models, Psychological, Recognition (Psychology), Schizophrenia, Severity of Illness Index


<p>Item recognition memory judgment can be based on two processes: item familiarity and/or the conscious recollection of the initial event. On the other hand, associative recognition relies preferably on conscious recollection. Since evidence points to a specific deficit of conscious recollection in schizophrenia, these patients could show greater impairment during associative recognition tasks relative to item recognition tasks. A meta-analysis of 23 studies of recognition memory in schizophrenia was conducted to test this hypothesis. The impairment is indeed 20% greater (p=0.04) for associative recognition relative to item recognition. This study supports the hypothesis of a specific conscious recollection deficit underlying episodic memory impairment in schizophrenia.</p>

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