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Ca2+ oscillations induced by histamine H1 receptor stimulation in HeLa cells: Fura-2 and patch clamp analysis.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Cell Calcium, Volume 12, Issue 2-3, p.165-76 (1991)

Abstract:

<p>The response of HeLa cells to histamine H1 receptor stimulation is characterized by periodic increases in cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration. The mechanisms underlying this oscillatory behaviour are not well understood. Fura-2 and patch clamp experiments carried out on HeLa cells have previously shown: (a) that Ca2+ oscillations are not initially dependent on the presence of external Ca2+, that external Ca2+ is required to maintain the oscillatory activity; (b) that a depolarization of the cell membrane leads to an inhibition of Ca2+ oscillations during the external Ca2+ dependent phase of the process; and (c) that Ca2+ oscillations can be abolished during this latter phase by the exogenous addition of Ca2+ channel blocking agents, such as Co2+ or La3+. The contribution of the inositol phosphate pathway to Ca2+ oscillations was more recently investigated in whole cell experiments performed with patch pipettes containing IP3 or the non-hydrolysable GTP analogue GTP-gamma S. Clear periodic current fluctuations were recorded using both patch pipette solutions. Assuming that the intracellular IP3 level remained constant under these conditions, these findings provide direct evidence that the Ca2+ oscillations in HeLa cells do not arise from a periodic production of IP3. The effect of the internal and external cell pH on the oscillatory process was also investigated in Fura-2 and patch clamp experiments. It was found that an increase in intracellular pH from 7.4 to 7.7 during the external Ca2+ dependent phase of the histamine stimulation abolishes the appearance of Ca2+ spikes whereas, a cellular acidification to pH 7.2 maintains or stimulates the Ca2+ oscillatory activity. The former effect was observed in the absence of Ca2+ in the bathing medium, indicating that the inhibitory action of alkaline pH was not related to a reduced Ca2+ entry. An increase in extracellular pH from 7.3 to 9.0 in contrast elicited an intracellular Ca2+ accumulation which resulted in most cases in an inhibition of the oscillatory process. This effect was dependent on external Ca2+ and was observed in alkaline internal pH conditions (pH 7.7). These observations suggest: (a) that the net Ca2+ influx in HeLa cells is strongly dependent on the cell internal and external pH; and (b) that the magnitude of this Ca2+ influx controls to a large extent the oscillation frequency. Finally, an inhibition of the histamine induced Ca2+ oscillatory activity was observed following the addition of the Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+)-release (CICR) inhibitor adenine to the external medium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)</p>

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