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Chromogranin-mediated secretion of mutant superoxide dismutase proteins linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Nat Neurosci, Volume 9, Issue 1, p.108-18 (2006)

Keywords:

3T3 Cells, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Animals, Astrocytes, Blotting, Western, Cells, Cultured, Cercopithecus aethiops, Chromogranin A, Chromogranins, COS Cells, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Gliosis, Humans, Immunoprecipitation, Interneurons, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Microscopy, Immunoelectron, Microsomes, Molecular Chaperones, Motor Neurons, Mutation, Plasmids, Proteasome Inhibitors, Protein Folding, Spinal Cord, Subcellular Fractions, Superoxide Dismutase

Abstract:

<p>Here we report that chromogranins, components of neurosecretory vesicles, interact with mutant forms of superoxide dismutase (SOD1) that are linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but not with wild-type SOD1. This interaction was confirmed by yeast two-hybrid screen and by co-immunoprecipitation assays using either lysates from Neuro2a cells coexpressing chromogranins and SOD1 mutants or lysates from spinal cord of ALS mice. Confocal and immunoelectron microscopy revealed a partial colocalization of mutant SOD1 with chromogranins in spinal cord of ALS mice. Mutant SOD1 was also found in immuno-isolated trans-Golgi network and in microsome preparations, suggesting that it can be secreted. Indeed we report evidence that chromogranins may act as chaperone-like proteins to promote secretion of SOD1 mutants. From these results, and our finding that extracellular mutant SOD1 can trigger microgliosis and neuronal death, we propose a new ALS pathogenic model based on the toxicity of secreted SOD1 mutants.</p>

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