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Neuropsychological Profile of Children, Adolescents and Adults Experiencing Maltreatment: A Meta-analysis.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Clin Neuropsychol, Volume 29, Issue 5, p.573-94 (2015)

Keywords:

Adolescent, Adult, Attention, Child, Child Abuse, Child, Preschool, Cognition Disorders, Female, Humans, Intelligence, Male, Memory, Short-Term, Neuropsychological Tests, Physical Abuse, Young Adult

Abstract:

<p><b>OBJECTIVE: </b>Few studies have attempted to describe the range of cognitive impairments affecting people who have experienced child maltreatment. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the neuropsychological profile of these people and to determine the cognitive impacts of maltreatment from childhood to adulthood.</p><p><b>METHOD: </b>Fifty-two publications from 1970 to 2013 were included.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>The affected cognitive domains were working memory (g = -.65), attention (g = -.63), intelligence (g = -.56) and speed of processing (g = -.49). The impact of maltreatment was greater in young children (g = -.71) and less pronounced in adults (g = -.26).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>These results suggest that exposure to maltreatment has an impact on specific cognitive processes, regardless of age.</p>

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