[Normative date for the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in a sample of community dwelling French speaking residents from Quebec aged 65 and older].

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Can J Aging, Volume 28, Issue 4, p.347-57 (2009)


Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cognition Disorders, Educational Status, Female, Geriatric Assessment, Humans, Male, Quebec, Sampling Studies, Sex Factors


<p>ABSTRACTThis study was aimed at providing normative data for the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). The norms were built from a sample (n = 2409) of community-dwelling French speaking residents from Québec aged 65 and older. The analyses indicated that socio-demographic variables such as education level, age, and gender of individuals influenced significantly the scores of older adults on the MMSE. More precisely, MMSE scores increased with education level and decreased with age. Moreover, women had significantly higher scores than men. On this basis, distinct tables of normative data were produced for women and men. In each table, the MMSE scores corresponding to percentiles 5, 10, 15 and 50 were identified according to four age categories and three education levels. Overall, the use of the present normative data by clinicians will improve their accuracy in detecting cognitive impairment in older adults from Québec.</p>

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