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Reducing Burden for Caregivers of Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen, p.1533317518788151 (2018)

Abstract:

<p><b>BACKGROUND/RATIONALE: </b>This systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy of the nonpharmacological interventions reducing burden, psychological symptoms, and improving quality of life of caregivers of individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).</p><p><b>METHOD: </b>Databases reviewed included Medline, Cochrane Library, Embase, PsycNet, AgeLine, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Studies using an experimental/quasi-experimental design including nonpharmacological intervention were included. Four studies were included, and no meta-analysis was conducted.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Calendar training and note-taking (cognitive intervention) significantly decreased caregiver's depressive symptoms and prevented worsening of subjective burden 6 months posttreatment. Daily engagement of meaningful activity combined with problem-solving therapy and educational material reduced depressive symptoms 3 months posttreatment. Moreover, educational intervention and social conversation phone calls decreased caregiver burden 3 months posttreatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION: </b>Studies suggest that nonpharmacological interventions can support caregivers of older adults with MCI, but the few published articles present some bias and are inconclusive. Randomized-controlled trials targeting specifically caregivers are needed to determine the most efficient type of interventions for those individuals.</p>

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