Relationship between objectively recorded hot flashes and sleep disturbances among breast cancer patients: investigating hot flash characteristics other than frequency.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Menopause, Volume 20, Issue 10, p.997-1005 (2013)


Adult, Aged, Breast Neoplasms, Canada, Electroencephalography, Female, Hot Flashes, Humans, Ion-Selective Electrodes, Menopause, Middle Aged, Polysomnography, Postmenopause, Sleep Wake Disorders


<p><b>OBJECTIVE: </b>The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between various characteristics of objectively recorded hot flashes and sleep disturbances in breast cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>Fifty-six women who had completed a similar treatment protocol for a first diagnosis of breast cancer within the previous 3 months wore ambulatory sternal skin conductance and polysomnography devices for a home-based nighttime recording of hot flashes and sleep.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Hot flash frequency was not associated with polysomnographic variables (r = -0.18 to 0.21) or beta-I and beta-II electroencephalographic activities (r = -0.01 and 0.03) but was significantly correlated with increased slow (r = 0.28) and delta (r = 0.32) electroencephalographic activities. A slower hot flash onset and a longer hot flash duration were associated with greater polysomnographic impairments (r = -0.50 to 0.48). Greater sleep disturbances were found during hot flash onset or hot flash plateau as compared with the pre-hot flash period (greater percentage of wake time, lower percentage of stage II sleep, and lower percentage of rapid eye movement sleep, all P values < 0.05). The probability that a stage change to a lighter sleep occurred was significantly greater during hot flash onset (11%) than during hot flash plateau (6%; P = 0.02).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>This study suggests that the speed and duration of hot flashes would contribute more importantly to sleep alterations than hot flash frequency. Sleep disturbances tend to occur simultaneously with hot flashes, suggesting that these two nocturnal symptoms are manifestations of a higher-order mechanism involving the central nervous system.</p>

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