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Striosomes are enriched in glutamic acid decarboxylase in primates.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Neurosci Res, Volume 50, Issue 1, p.29-35 (2004)

Keywords:

Animals, Biomarkers, gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, Glutamate Decarboxylase, Immunohistochemistry, Isoenzymes, Male, Neostriatum, Neurons, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Saimiri, Species Specificity

Abstract:

<p>The compartmental distribution of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) in the striatum was investigated in squirrel monkeys and rats with antibodies raised against the two isoforms of this enzyme (GAD65 and GAD67) and with calbindin D-28k (CB) and/or micro-opiate receptor (MOR) as striosomal markers. In primates, immunostaining for both GAD65 and GAD67 was much more intense in striosomes than in the surrounding matrix. A thin immunoreactive strip of GAD labeling was also present in the dorsolateral part of both caudate nucleus and putamen. This narrow band appears to correspond to the so-called subcallosal streak (SS) found in rodent striatum. Although the immunostaining intensity for the two enzymes was similar at pallidal level, that for GAD65 was more intense than that for GAD67 at the striatal level. The GAD immunostaining was more uniformly distributed in the rat striatum, which did not display GAD-rich patches that corresponded to MOR-positive striosomes. Moreover, in contrast to the findings obtained in monkeys, the subcallosal streak in rats was less intensely stained for GAD than for the remaining regions of the striatum. These results reveal that GAD65 and GAD67 are faithful markers of striosomes in primates but not in rodents. They suggest the existence of a significant species difference between rodents and primates in respect to the chemical organization of the striatum, a difference that should be taken into account when using rodents as animal models to study the functional organization of the basal ganglia and the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases that affect the striatum.</p>

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