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Is a video-based cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia as efficacious as a professionally administered treatment in breast cancer? Results of a randomized controlled trial.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Sleep, Volume 37, Issue 8, p.1305-14 (2014)

Abstract:

<p><b>STUDY OBJECTIVE: </b>To assess the short-term efficacy of a video-based cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) as compared to a professionally administered CBT-I and to a no-treatment group.</p><p><b>DESIGN: </b>Randomized controlled trial.</p><p><b>SETTING: </b>Radio-oncology department of a public hospital affiliated with Université Laval (CHU de Québec).</p><p><b>PARTICIPANTS: </b>Two hundred forty-two women with breast cancer who had received radiation therapy in the past 18 mo and who had insomnia symptoms or were using hypnotic medications were randomized to: (1) professionally administered CBT-I (PCBT-I; n = 81); (2) video-based CBT-I (VCBT-I; n = 80); and (3) no treatment (CTL; n = 81).</p><p><b>INTERVENTIONS: </b>PCBT-I composed of six weekly, individual sessions of approximately 50 min; VCBT-I composed of a 60-min animated video + six booklets.</p><p><b>MEASUREMENT AND RESULTS: </b>Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) total score and sleep parameters derived from a daily sleep diary and actigraphy, collected at pretreatment and posttreatment. PCBT-I and VCBT-I were associated with significantly greater sleep improvements, assessed subjectively, as compared to CTL. However, relative to VCBT-I, PCBT-I was associated with significantly greater improvements of insomnia severity, early morning awakenings, depression, fatigue, and dysfunctional beliefs about sleep. The remission rates of insomnia (ISI < 8) were significantly greater in PCBT-I as compared to VCBT-I (71.3% versus 44.3%, P < 0.005).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>A self-administered cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) using a video format appears to be a valuable treatment option, but face-to-face sessions remain the optimal format for administering CBT-I efficaciously in patients with breast cancer. Self-help interventions for insomnia may constitute an appropriate entry level as part of a stepped care model.</p><p><b>TRIAL REGISTRATION: </b>ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00674830.</p><p><b>CITATION: </b>Savard J, Ivers H, Savard MH, Morin CM. Is a video-based cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia as efficacious as a professionally administered treatment in breast cancer? Results of a randomized controlled trial.</p>

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