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Waking-sleep modulation of paroxysmal activities induced by partial cortical deafferentation.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Cereb Cortex, Volume 17, Issue 2, p.272-83 (2007)

Keywords:

Adaptation, Physiological, Afferent Pathways, Animals, Brain Injuries, Cats, Cerebral Cortex, Circadian Rhythm, Cortical Synchronization, Denervation, Epilepsy, Post-Traumatic, Female, Male, Seizures, Sleep, Wakefulness

Abstract:

<p>We investigated the dependency of electrical seizures produced by cortical undercut upon behavioral states of vigilance in chronically implanted cats. Experiments were performed 1-12 weeks after white matter transection. Multisite field potentials and intracellular activity were recorded from suprasylvian and marginal gyri. Paroxysmal activity developed within days and consisted of spike-wave complexes at 3-4 Hz occurring during the waking state (correlated with eye movements), being enhanced during slow-wave sleep (SWS) and blocked during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Prolonged hyperpolarizing events were seen not only during SWS (which is the case in normal animals) but also during both waking and REM, thus resulting in bimodal distribution of the membrane potential in all 3 natural states of vigilance. The increased synchrony of field potential activity expressed by shorter time of propagation over the cortical surface and the tendency toward generalization are ascribed to changes in intrinsic neuronal properties and potential disinhibition following cortical undercut.</p>

Funding / Support / Partners

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