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Actigraphy in the assessment of insomnia.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Sleep, Volume 26, Issue 7, p.902-6 (2003)

Keywords:

Adult, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Polysomnography, Severity of Illness Index, Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders

Abstract:

<p><b>OBJECTIVE: </b>The present study explores the clinical utility and sensitivity of actigraphy as an outcome measure in the treatment of chronic insomnia.</p><p><b>DESIGN: </b>Following a screening-adaptation night, polysomnography, actigraphy, and sleep-diary data were collected in the sleep laboratory for 2 baseline nights and 2 posttreatment nights.</p><p><b>SETTING: </b>A university-affiliated sleep disorders center.</p><p><b>PARTICIPANTS: </b>Seventeen participants with chronic primary insomnia. Mean age was 41.6 years.</p><p><b>INTERVENTIONS: </b>Participants took part in a treatment protocol investigating different sequential treatments for insomnia (these results are reported elsewhere).</p><p><b>MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: </b>Compared to polysomnography, both actigraphy and sleep-diary instruments underestimated total sleep time and sleep efficiency and overestimated total wake time. Also, actigraphy underestimated sleep-onset latency while the sleep diary overestimated it as compared to polysomnography. Actigraphy data were more accurate than sleep-diary data when compared to polysomnography. Finally, actigraphy was sensitive in detecting the effects of treatment on several sleep parameters.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>These results suggest that actigraphy is a useful device for measuring treatment response and that it should be used as a complement to sleep-diary evaluation.</p>

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