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Alsin is partially associated with centrosome in human cells.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Biochim Biophys Acta, Volume 1745, Issue 1, p.84-100 (2005)

Keywords:

Animals, Base Sequence, Cell Line, Centrosome, Cercopithecus aethiops, COS Cells, DNA Primers, Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors, Guanosine Triphosphate, Humans, Motor Neuron Disease, Mutation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Transfection, Tubulin, Vimentin

Abstract:

<p>Mutations in the ALS2 gene has recently been linked to cases of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, juvenile primary lateral sclerosis and ascending hereditary spastic paralysis. All reported mutations predict the production of truncated forms of Alsin suggesting a loss of function mechanism for these motor neuron disorders. Here we used the tetracycline-regulated expression system to overexpress the full-length and truncated forms of Alsin in different cell lines. Alsin overexpression caused severe phenotypic changes in monkey COS-7 cells including the enlargement and accumulation of early endosomes, impairment of mitochondria trafficking and fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus. Our results further demonstrate the requirement of the Alsin VPS9 domain for occurrence of the vacuolation process and the role of Alsin as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rab5. Transfected human SW13 cells exhibited an unexpected centrosomal localization for Alsin that was linked to the presence of the c-terminal part of the protein. Immunofluorescence staining revealed a colocalization of Alsin with the centrosomal markers gamma-tubulin and A kinase anchoring protein (AKAP-450). Similar results were obtained with human LA-N-2 and SK-N-SH neuronal cells. Moreover endogenous Alsin was detected in a centrosome preparation purified from human cortical brain. Considering the crucial role of centrosome in the production of microtubules required for intracellular transport, these findings are of potential relevance for unravelling the disease mechanisms linked to Alsin mutations.</p>

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