AMPK-induced autophagy as a key regulator of cell migration.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Autophagy, Volume 17, Issue 3, p.828-829 (2021)

Keywords:

Adenosine Diphosphate, Adenosine Triphosphate, AMP-Activated Protein Kinases, Autophagy, Cell Movement

Abstract:

<p>Cell migration is a highly dynamic and energy-intensive process that ensures the correct targeting of cells during embryonic and postnatal development. In recent work, we highlighted the importance of macroautophagy/autophagy in regulating the dynamics of cell migration under baseline conditions and in response to a diverse set of molecular factors. Genetic suppression of autophagy-related genes induced longer stationary phases in migrating cells and cell stalling at the beginning of the migratory stream. We also showed that autophagy is required for recycling of the focal adhesion molecule PXN (paxillin), and is induced by energy levels of cells via AMPK activation. This recent study revealed the importance of autophagy in the maintenance of cell migration, and showed that the dynamic interplay between autophagy and energy levels is required to sustain neuronal migration and to cope with diverse micro-environmental factors.</p>

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