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Biological channel modeling and implantable UWB antenna design for neural recording systems.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng, Volume 62, Issue 1, p.88-98 (2015)

Keywords:

Animals, Brain, Computer Simulation, Computer-Aided Design, Electric Power Supplies, Electroencephalography, Equipment Design, Equipment Failure Analysis, Humans, Models, Biological, Prostheses and Implants, Telemetry, Wireless Technology

Abstract:

<p>Ultrawideband (UWB) short-range communication systems have proved to be valuable in medical technology, particularly for implanted devices, due to their low-power consumption, low cost, small size, and high data rates. Neural activity monitoring in the brain requires high data rate (800 kb/s per neural sensor), and we target a system supporting a large number of sensors, in particular, aggregate transmission above 430 Mb/s (∼512 sensors). Knowledge of channel behavior is required to determine the maximum allowable power to 1) respect ANSI guidelines for avoiding tissue damage, and 2) respect FCC guidelines on unlicensed transmissions. We utilize a realistic model of the biological channel to inform the design of antennas for the implanted transmitter and the external receiver under these requirements. Antennas placement is examined under two scenarios having contrasting power constraints. Performance of the system within the biological tissues is examined via simulation and experiment. Our miniaturized antennas, 12 mm ×12 mm, need worst-case receiver sensitivities of -38 and -30.5 dBm for the first and second scenarios, respectively. These sensitivities allow us to successfully detect signals transmitted through tissues in the 3.1-10.6-GHz UWB band. </p>

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