Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Eur J Neurosci, Volume 33, Issue 10, p.1823-31 (2011)
Keywords:1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine, Animals, Antiparkinson Agents, Behavior, Animal, Biogenic Amines, Brain, Dopamine Agents, Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced, Ergolines, Female, Humans, Ketanserin, Levodopa, Macaca, Parkinsonian Disorders, Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LIDs) are abnormal involuntary movements induced by the chronic use of levodopa (l-Dopa) limiting the quality of life of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. We evaluated changes of the serotonin 5-HT(2A) receptors in control monkeys, in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-lesioned monkeys and in l-Dopa-treated MPTP monkeys, without or with adjunct treatments to inhibit the expression of LID: CI-1041, a selective NR1A/2B subunit antagonist of glutamate N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor, or Cabergoline, a long-acting dopamine D(2) receptor agonist. All treatments were administered for 1 month and animals were killed 24 h after the last dose of l-Dopa. Striatal concentrations of serotonin were decreased in all MPTP monkeys investigated, as measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. [(3) H]Ketanserin-specific binding to 5-HT(2A) receptors was measured by autoradiography. l-Dopa treatment that induced dyskinesias increased 5-HT(2A) receptor-specific binding in the caudate nucleus and the anterior cingulate gyrus (AcgG) compared with control monkeys. Moreover, [(3) H]Ketanserin-specific binding was increased in the dorsomedial caudate nucleus in l-Dopa-treated MPTP monkeys compared with saline-treated MPTP monkeys. Nondyskinetic monkeys treated with CI-1041 or Cabergoline showed low 5-HT(2A) -specific binding in the posterior dorsomedial caudate nucleus and the anterior AcgG compared with dyskinetic monkeys. No significant difference in 5-HT(2A) receptor binding was observed in any brain regions examined in saline-treated MPTP monkeys compared with control monkeys. These results confirm the involvement of serotonergic pathways and the glutamate/serotonin interactions in LID. They also support targeting 5-HT(2A) receptors as a potential treatment for LID.