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The Brugada syndrome in Canada: a unique French-Canadian experience.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Can J Cardiol, Volume 23 Suppl B, p.71B-75B (2007)

Keywords:

Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Arrhythmias, Cardiac, Brugada Syndrome, Death, Sudden, Cardiac, Defibrillators, Implantable, Electrocardiography, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Quebec

Abstract:

<p><b>UNLABELLED: </b>The Brugada syndrome (BS) is a clinical entity involving cardiac sodium channelopathy, typical electrocardiogram (ECG) changes and predisposition to ventricular arrhythmia. This syndrome is mainly recognized by specialized cardiologists and electrophysiologists. Data regarding BS largely come from multicentre registries or Asian countries. The present report describes the Quebec Heart Institute experience, including the clinical characteristics and prognosis of native French-Canadian subjects with the Brugada-type ECG pattern.</p><p><b>METHODS AND RESULTS: </b>BS has been diagnosed in 35 patients (mean age 51 +/- 12 years) at the Quebec Heart Institute since 2001. Patients were referred from primary care physicians for ECG abnormalities, syncope or ventricular arrhythmia, or were diagnosed incidentally on an ECG obtained for other purposes. The abnormal ECG was recognized after a syncopal spell in four patients and during family screening in four patients. All of the others were incidental findings following a routine ECG. No patient had a family history of sudden cardiac death at younger than 45 years of age. In this population, right bundle branch block pattern with more than 2 mm ST segment elevation in leads V1 to V3 was recorded spontaneously in 25 patients and was induced by sodium blockers in 10 patients. The sodium channel blocker test was performed in 21 patients and was positive in 18 patients (86%). An electrophysiological study was performed in 20 of 35 patients, during which ventricular fibrillation was induced in five patients; three of the five patients were previously asymptomatic. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator was implanted in six of 35 patients (17%), including three of four patients with a history of syncope. A loop recorder was implanted in three patients. After a mean follow-up of 36 +/- 18 months, one patient died from a noncardiac cause and one patient (with a history of syncope) received an appropriate shock from his implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. No event occurred in the asymptomatic population.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>BS is present in the French-Canadian population and is probably under-recognized. Long-term prognosis of individuals with BS, especially in sporadic, asymptomatic cases, needs to be clarified.</p>

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