A Chart Audit Study of Clozapine Utilization in Early Psychosis.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

J Clin Psychopharmacol, Volume 41, Issue 3, p.275-280 (2021)

Abstract:

<p><b>PURPOSE: </b>This study aimed to document the treatment trajectories and clozapine use in first-episode psychosis patients and to document the underlying reasons for using or not using clozapine in patients not achieving psychosis remission.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>We conducted a retrospective chart audit of patients aged 18 to 30 years having DSM-5 diagnoses of schizophrenia spectrum psychotic disorders treated in 3 Canadian early intervention programs for psychosis. The severity of the patient's illness (using the Clinical Global Impression Severity [CGI-S] scale) and remission of psychosis were rated before and after each antipsychotic trial.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>One hundred and forty-seven patients were included in the study. There were 19.7% patients exposed to clozapine after an average of 2.4 antipsychotic trials and a mean delay of 470.8 days. There were 75.9% patients who improved their CGI-S score (mean improvement, 2.5) after the clozapine trial and 62.1% achieved a CGI-S score ≤3. Full remission of psychosis on clozapine was achieved in 69.0% of the patients. Clozapine was successfully used for some patients with a nonadherent profile in our sample (eg, personality disorder, substance use disorder). Although the mean duration of clozapine trials during the observation period was 688.6 days, no patient discontinued clozapine because of adherence issues.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>Clozapine use in these early intervention programs were at a rate consistent to what is expected from the literature and allowed a majority of patients to achieve remission of psychosis and to experience a robust improvement of severity of illness.</p>

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