Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia: comparison of individual therapy, group therapy, and telephone consultations.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


J Consult Clin Psychol, Volume 72, Issue 4, p.653-9 (2004)


Adolescent, Adult, Cognitive Therapy, Female, Humans, Male, Psychotherapy, Group, Referral and Consultation, Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders, Surveys and Questionnaires, Telephone


<p>Forty-five adults with primary insomnia received cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) implemented in a group therapy format, in individual face-to-face therapy or through brief individual telephone consultations. The results indicate that CBT was effective in improving sleep parameters with all 3 methods of treatment implementation, and there was no significant difference across methods of implementation. All 3 treatment modalities produced improvements in sleep that were maintained for 6 months after treatment completion. These results suggest that group therapy and telephone consultations represent cost-effective alternatives to individual therapy for the management of insomnia.</p>

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