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Disruption of LT-antigen/p53 complex by heat treatment correlates with inhibition of DNA synthesis during transforming infection with SV40.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Biochem Cell Biol, Volume 78, Issue 4, p.437-45 (2000)

Abstract:

<p>Transforming infection of Go/G1-arrested primary mouse kidney cell cultures with simian virus 40 (SV40) induces cells to re-enter the S-phase of the cell cycle. In Go-arrested cells, no p53 is detected, whereas in cells induced to proliferate by infection, a gradual accumulation of p53 complexed to SV40 large T-antigen is observed in the nucleus. Heat treatment of actively proliferating SV40-infected cells leads to inhibition of DNA synthesis and growth arrest. To determine the fate of p53 after heat treatment, proliferating infected cells were exposed to mild heat (42.5 degrees C) for increasing lengths of time. The results presented here show that after ninety minutes of treatment, the arrest of DNA synthesis by heat correlates with the disruption of the p53/LT-antigen complex. Longer treatments induce, in addition, a reduction in the solubility of p53, which was recovered tightly associated with the nuclear fraction. This contrasted with large T-antigen, whose solubility remained unaffected by heat treatment. Although the total amount of p53 in the nucleus remained constant, as shown by immunoblot analyses, p53 was no longer detectable after immunoprecipitation or by immunofluorescent staining techniques. These results suggest that heat treatment had either induced conformational changes in its antigenic sites, or had sequestered the sites through aggregation or binding to insoluble nuclear components.</p>

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