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Effectiveness of technologies in the treatment of post-stroke anomia: A systematic review.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

J Commun Disord, Volume 65, p.43-53 (2017)

Abstract:

<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>Technologies are becoming increasingly popular in the treatment of language disorders and offer numerous possibilities, but little is known about their effectiveness and limitations.</p><p><b>AIM: </b>The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of treatments delivered by technology in the management of post-stroke anomia.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>As a guideline for conducting this review, we used the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions. We conducted a systematic search of publications in PubMed, PsycInfo and Current Contents. We also consulted Google Scholar. Without any limitations as to publication date, we selected studies designed to assess the effectiveness of an intervention delivered by a technology, namely computer or smart tablet, to specifically improve anomia in post-stroke participants. The main outcomes studied were improvement in naming skills and generalisation to untreated items and daily communication.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>We examined 23 studies in this review. To date, computers constitute the most popular technology by far; only a few studies explored the effectiveness of smart tablets. In some studies, technology was used as a therapy tool in a clinical setting, in the presence of the clinician, while in others, therapy with technology was self-administered at home, without the clinician. All studies confirmed the effectiveness of therapy provided by technology to improve naming of trained items. However, generalisation to untrained items is unclear and assessment of generalisation to daily communication is rare.</p><p><b>DISCUSSION: </b>The results of this systematic review confirm that technology is an efficient approach in the management of post-stroke anomia. In future studies, ecological tasks aimed at evaluating therapy's effectiveness with word retrieval in real-life situations should be added since the ultimate goal of improving anomia is to increase the ability to retrieve words more easily in everyday life.</p>

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