Evaluation of an interprofessional primary healthcare team as a new model of primary care in Quebec: a protocol for a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid study.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


BMJ Open, Volume 13, Issue 5, p.e072006 (2023)


Humans, Pilot Projects, Primary Health Care, Qualitative Research, Quebec


<p><b>INTRODUCTION: </b>One family medicine group (FMG) in Quebec has commenced a 5-year pilot project, which is herein referred to as the model, to implement a patient-centred model based on interprofessional care and the optimal use of healthcare providers' practice scopes. A research project will be conducted to: (1) assess this model's effect on the FMG's operational performance, and its users' resource utilisation at the public health system level; (2) investigate its optimisation with respect to professional roles, interprofessional teamwork and patient-centredness and (3) document users' experience with the model. The aim of this article is to describe the protocol that will be used for this research.</p><p><b>METHODS AND ANALYSIS: </b>A hybrid implementation approach (type 2 model) will be used. We will collect both quantitative and qualitative data. Regarding the quantitative dimension, and because this is a single-unit intervention study, we will use either or both synthetic control methods and one-sample generalised linear models for analyses at the FMG level. To evaluate the broader impact of on the public health system, we will use mixed-effects models and propensity score matching methods. Regarding the qualitative research dimension, using an interpretative descriptive approach, we will document users' experience and identify the factors that optimise professional scopes of practice, collaborative practices and patient-centredness. We will conduct individual in-depth semistructured interviews with healthcare providers, administrative staff, stakeholders involved in the model implementation and patients.</p><p><b>ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: </b>This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Sectoral Research in Population Health and Primary Care of the Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de la Capitale-Nationale (#2019-1503). The results of the investigation will be presented to the stakeholders involved in the advisory committees and at several scientific conferences. Manuscripts will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals.</p>

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