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Exome Sequencing Implicates Impaired GABA Signaling and Neuronal Ion Transport in Trigeminal Neuralgia.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

iScience, Volume 23, Issue 10, p.101552 (2020)

Abstract:

<p>Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a common, debilitating neuropathic face pain syndrome often resistant to therapy. The familial clustering of TN cases suggests that genetic factors play a role in disease pathogenesis. However, no unbiased, large-scale genomic study of TN has been performed to date. Analysis of 290 whole exome-sequenced TN probands, including 20 multiplex kindreds and 70 parent-offspring trios, revealed enrichment of rare, damaging variants in GABA receptor-binding genes in cases. Mice engineered with a TN-associated mutation (p.Cys188Trp) in the GABA receptor Cl channel γ-1 subunit () exhibited trigeminal mechanical allodynia and face pain behavior. Other TN probands harbored rare damaging variants in Na and Ca channels, including a significant variant burden in the α-1H subunit of the voltage-gated Ca channel Ca3.2 (). These results provide exome-level insight into TN and implicate genetically encoded impairment of GABA signaling and neuronal ion transport in TN pathogenesis.</p>

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