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Homozygous SCN5A mutation in long-QT syndrome with functional two-to-one atrioventricular block.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Circ Res, Volume 89, Issue 2, p.E16-21 (2001)

Abstract:

<p>Heterozygous mutations in genes encoding cardiac ionic channel subunits KCNQ1, HERG, SCN5A, KCNE1, and KCNE2 are causally involved in the dominant form of long-QT syndrome (LQTS) while homozygous mutations in KCNQ1 and KCNE1 cause LQTS with or without congenital deafness. In addition, two homozygous HERG mutations have been associated with severe LQTS with functional atrioventricular conduction anomalies in young children. A 2:1 atrioventricular block (AVB) with a major QTc prolongation (526 ms) was evidenced in a 5-year-old boy referred for syncope and seizure. LQTS was diagnosed and beta-blocking therapy initiated leading to normal atrioventricular conduction. Electrophysiological study provided support that location of the AVB was infra-Hisian. DNA analysis was performed in the proband and in asymptomatic family members. A novel missense mutation, V1777M, in the early C-terminal domain of SCN5A was identified. The proband was homozygous while the parents and two siblings were heterozygous carriers. Homozygote and heterozygote expression of the mutant channels in tsA201 mammalian cells resulted in a persistent inward sodium current of 3.96+/-0.83% and 1.49+/-0.47% at -30 mV, respectively, which was dramatically reduced in the presence of tetrodotoxin. This study provides the first evidence for a homozygous missense mutation in SCN5A and suggests that LQTS with functional 2:1 AVB in young children, a severe phenotype associated with bad prognosis, may be caused by homozygous or heterozygous compound mutations not only in HERG but also in SCN5A. The full text of this article is available at http://www.circresaha.org.</p>

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