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Imprinted Maternally Expressed microRNAs Antagonize Paternally Driven Gene Programs in Neurons.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Mol Cell, Volume 78, Issue 1, p.85-95.e8 (2020)

Keywords:

Animals, Argonaute Proteins, Cell Line, Cells, Cultured, Embryonic Stem Cells, Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials, Gene Deletion, Genomic Imprinting, Mice, MicroRNAs, Neurogenesis, Neurons, RNA-Induced Silencing Complex, Synaptic Transmission, Transcription, Genetic

Abstract:

<p>Imprinted genes with parental-biased allelic expression are frequently co-regulated and enriched in common&nbsp;biological pathways. Here, we functionally characterize a large cluster of microRNAs (miRNAs) expressed from the maternally inherited allele ("maternally expressed") to explore the molecular and cellular consequences of imprinted miRNA activity. Using an induced neuron (iN) culture system, we show that maternally expressed miRNAs from the miR-379/410 cluster direct the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) to transcriptional and developmental regulators, including paternally expressed transcripts like Plagl1. Maternal deletion of this imprinted miRNA&nbsp;cluster resulted in increased protein levels of several targets and upregulation of a broader transcriptional program regulating synaptic transmission and neuronal function. A subset of the transcriptional changes resulting from miR-379/410 deletion can be attributed to de-repression of Plagl1. These data suggest maternally expressed miRNAs antagonize paternally driven gene programs in neurons.</p>

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