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Interaction of transactive response DNA binding protein 43 with nuclear factor κB in mild cognitive impairment with episodic memory deficits.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Acta Neuropathol Commun, Volume 2, p.37 (2014)

Keywords:

Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alzheimer Disease, Amyloid beta-Peptides, DNA-Binding Proteins, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Female, Humans, Immunoprecipitation, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Memory Disorders, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Peptide Fragments, Statistics, Nonparametric, tau Proteins, Temporal Lobe, Transcription Factor RelA

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Transactive response DNA binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is detected in pathological inclusions in many cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but its pathological role in AD and MCI remains unknown. Recently, TDP-43 was reported to contribute to pathogenesis in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis through its interaction with p65 nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) resulting in abnormal hyperactivation of this signaling pathway in motor neurons. Hence, we investigated the interaction of TDP-43 with p65 in the temporal cortex of subjects with a clinical diagnosis of MCI (n = 12) or AD (n = 12) as well as of age-matched controls with no cognitive impairment (NCI, n = 12).

RESULTS: Immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence approaches revealed a robust interaction of TDP-43 with p65 in the nucleus of temporal lobe neurons in four individuals with MCI (named MCI-p). These MCI-p cases exhibited high expression levels of soluble TDP-43, p65, phosphorylated p65 and low expression levels of β-amyloid 40 when compared to AD or NCI cases. The analysis of cognitive performance tests showed that MCI-p individuals presented intermediate deficits of global cognition and episodic memory between those of AD cases and of NCI cases and MCI cases with no interaction of TDP-43 with p65.

CONCLUSIONS: From these results, we propose that enhanced NF-κB activation due to TDP-43 and p65 interaction may contribute to neuronal dysfunction in MCI individuals with episodic memory deficits. Accordingly, treatment with inhibitors of NF-κB activation may be considered for MCI individuals with episodic memory deficits.

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