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Protein kinase C activation inhibits Cav1.3 calcium channel at NH2-terminal serine 81 phosphorylation site.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, Volume 291, Issue 4, p.H1614-22 (2006)

Abstract:

<p>The Ca(v)1.3 (alpha(1D)) variant of L-type Ca(2+) channels plays a vital role in the function of neuroendocrine and cardiovascular systems. In this article, we report on the molecular and functional basis of alpha(1D) Ca(2+) channel modulation by protein kinase C (PKC). Specifically, we show that the serine 81 (S81) phosphorylation site at the NH(2)-terminal region plays a critical role in alpha(1D) Ca(2+) channel modulation by PKC. The introduction of a negatively charged residue at position 81, by converting serine to aspartate, mimicked the PKC phosphorylation effect on alpha(1D) Ca(2+) channel. The modulation of alpha(1D) Ca(2+) channel by PKC was prevented by dialyzing cells with a 35-amino acid peptide mimicking the alpha(1D) NH(2)-terminal region comprising S81. In addition, the data revealed that only betaII- and epsilonPKC isozymes are implicated in this regulation. These novel findings have significant implications in the pathophysiology of alpha(1D) Ca(2+) channel and in the development of PKC isozyme-targeted therapeutics.</p>

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