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Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (MC-1), a vitamin B6 derivative, inhibits expressed P2X receptors.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Can J Physiol Pharmacol, Volume 92, Issue 3, p.189-96 (2014)

Keywords:

Calcium-Binding Proteins, Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer, Green Fluorescent Proteins, HEK293 Cells, Humans, Ion Channel Gating, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Purinergic P2X Receptor Antagonists, Pyridoxal Phosphate, Receptors, Purinergic P2X, Recombinant Fusion Proteins

Abstract:

<p>P2X receptors are cation-permeable ligand-gated ion channels that open in response to the binding of ATP. These receptors are present in many excitable cells, including neurons, striated muscle cells, epithelial cells, and leukocytes. They mediate fast excitatory neurotransmission in the central and peripheral nervous systems and are thought to be involved in neuropathic pain, inflammation, and cell damage following ischemia-reperfusion injuries. P2X receptors are thus a target for the development of new therapeutics to treat chronic pain and inflammation. In this study, we characterized the inhibition caused by pyridoxal-5'-phosphate, a natural metabolite of vitamin B6 (MC-1), of P2X₂, P2X₄, P2X₇, and P2X₂/₃ receptors stably expressed in HEK293 cells using the patch-clamp technique in the whole-cell configuration. We also tested a new approach using VC6.1, a modified cameleon calcium-sensitive fluorescent protein, to characterize the inhibition of P2X₂ and P2X₂/₃. MC-1 blocked these two P2X receptors, with an IC₅₀ of 7 and 13 μmol/L, respectively. P2X₂ exhibited the highest affinity for VC6.1, and the chimeric receptor P2X₂/₃, the lowest. The patch-clamp and imaging approaches gave similar results and indicated that VC6.1 may be useful for high throughput drug screening. Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate is an efficient P2X blocker and can be classified as a P2X antagonist.</p>

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