Real-world evidence from users of a behavioral digital therapeutic for chronic insomnia.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Behav Res Ther, Volume 153, p.104084 (2022)


Adult, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Humans, Sleep, Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders, Sleep Latency, Treatment Outcome


<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>There have been many research trials of various digital therapeutics, but few real world evaluations of their efficacy. This type of data, however, can provide a more rounded understanding of their impact, utility, reach, and adoption. Findings presented here focus on outcome and patient engagement data of SHUTi (Sleep Health Using the Internet), a digital therapeutic delivering Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), in a large real-world dataset of adults with insomnia.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>7216 adults who purchased access to SHUTi between December 2015 and February 2019 are included in the analysis. The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) was administered at the beginning of each of six treatment Cores of the intervention. Users entered sleep diaries between Cores to track changes in sleep over time and obtain tailored sleep recommendations. Number of Cores completed and sleep diaries entered indicate program usage.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Users showed a reduction in mean ISI scores and a corresponding increase in effect size at the start of each subsequent Core (compared to Core 1) (range: d = 0.3-1.9). Effect sizes at the last Core relative to the first were moderate-to-large for diary-derived sleep onset latency and wake after sleep onset. A reduction in number of medicated nights was also found, with those with severe insomnia showing the largest reduction from last-to-first week of treatment (d = 0.3). At the last Core, 61% met criteria for meaningful treatment response (reduction of >7 points on ISI) and 40% met criteria for remission (ISI<8). Engagement was comparable to SHUTi research trials.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION: </b>Consistent with controlled trials, real-world data suggest that digital therapeutics can result in relatively high levels of engagement and clinically meaningful sleep improvements.</p>

Financement / Soutien / Partenaires

logo FRQ-S logo ctrn logo fci logo cihr irsc logo nserc logo MESISentinelle nord