Respiration organizes gamma synchrony in the prefronto-thalamic network.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Sci Rep, Volume 13, Issue 1, p.8529 (2023)


Animals, Hippocampus, Mice, Midline Thalamic Nuclei, Neural Pathways, Prefrontal Cortex, Respiration, Thalamus


<p>Multiple cognitive operations are associated with the emergence of gamma oscillations in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) although little is known about the mechanisms that control this rhythm. Using local field potential recordings from cats, we show that periodic bursts of gamma recur with 1 Hz regularity in the wake mPFC and are locked to the exhalation phase of the respiratory cycle. Respiration organizes long-range coherence in the gamma band between the mPFC and the nucleus reuniens the thalamus (Reu), linking the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus. In vivo intracellular recordings of the mouse thalamus reveal that respiration timing is propagated by synaptic activity in Reu and likely underlies the emergence of gamma bursts in the prefrontal cortex. Our findings highlight breathing as an important substrate for long-range neuronal synchronization across the prefrontal circuit, a key network for cognitive operations.</p>

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