Sleep, oscillations, and epilepsy.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Epilepsia (2023)


<p>Sleep and wake are defined through physiological and behavioral criteria and can be typically separated into non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep stages N1, N2, and N3, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and wake. Sleep and wake states are not homogenous in time. Their properties vary during the night and day cycle. Given that brain activity changes as a function of NREM, REM, and wake during the night and day cycle, are seizures more likely to occur during NREM, REM, or wake at a specific time? More generally, what is the relationship between sleep-wake cycles and epilepsy? We will review specific examples from clinical data and results from experimental models, focusing on the diversity and heterogeneity of these relationships. We will use a top-down approach, starting with the general architecture of sleep, followed by oscillatory activities, and ending with ionic correlates selected for illustrative purposes, with respect to seizures and interictal spikes. The picture that emerges is that of complexity; sleep disruption and pathological epileptic activities emerge from reorganized circuits. That different circuit alterations can occur across patients and models may explain why sleep alterations and the timing of seizures during the sleep-wake cycle are patient-specific.</p>

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