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Type III intermediate filament peripherin inhibits neuritogenesis in type II spiral ganglion neurons in vitro.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Neurosci Lett, Volume 478, Issue 2, p.51-5 (2010)

Keywords:

Animals, Animals, Newborn, Cochlea, Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer, In Vitro Techniques, Intermediate Filament Proteins, Membrane Glycoproteins, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Neurites, Peripherins, Spiral Ganglion

Abstract:

<p>Peripherin, a type III intermediate filament protein, forms part of the cytoskeleton in a subset of neurons, most of which have peripheral fibre projections. Studies suggest a role for peripherin in axon outgrowth and regeneration, but evidence for this in sensory and brain tissues is limited. The exclusive expression of peripherin in a sub-population of primary auditory neurons, the type II spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) prompted our investigation of the effect of peripherin gene deletion (pphKO) on these neurons. We used confocal immunofluorescence to examine the establishment of the innervation of the cochlear outer hair cells by the type II SGN neurites in vivo and in vitro, in wildtype (WT) and pphKO mice, in the first postnatal week. The distribution of the type II SGN nerve fibres was normal in pphKO cochleae. However, using P1 spiral ganglion explants under culture conditions where the majority of neurites were derived from type II SGN, pphKO resulted in increased numbers of neurites/explant compared to WT controls. Type II SGN neurites from pphKO explants extended approximately double the distance of WT neurites, and had reduced complexity based on greater distance between turning points. Addition of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to the culture media increased neurite number in WT and KO explants approximately 30-fold, but did not affect neurite length or distance between turning. These results indicate that peripherin may interact with other cytoskeletal elements to regulate outgrowth of the peripheral neurites of type II SGN, distinguishing these neurons from the type I SGN innervating the inner hair cells.</p>

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